What Is Neurofeedback?


Neurofeedback is based on two basic concepts. The first is that we can measure the electrical activity of the brain and that this activity reflects mental states. The second is that this activity can be improved with training. Here at Edmonton ADHD we use BrainCore Therapy; please visit their site to learn even more.

Neurofeedback can help many different conditions and has been proven to be an effective treatment for:

  • headaches & migraines
  • insomnia
  • fibromyalgia
  • autism
  • anxiety disorders
  • panic attacks
  • memory loss

Neurofeedback uses an instrument called an EEG (electroencephalogram) to monitor brain electrical activity. Advances in computer technology have made it possible to convert EEG data into images and sounds that can be displayed to the user in real time. As the user alters their own mental state they change the amplitudes of various brainwave frequencies. The user sees this change as it is reflected on the displays and attempts to alter their brainwave patterns to achieve a predefined goal. In this manner the user learns to self-regulate their own brainwave patterns, and therefore their own mental states which produced those patterns.

1. What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is brain exercise. We observe your brain in action from moment to moment by monitoring your brain waves. We show you your brain activity and we help you to change it by rewarding shifts toward a more appropriate and stable brain state. It is a gradual learning process.

Neurofeedback is also called EEG biofeedback. The electroencephalogram (EEG) is another name for the brain wave recordings and, in this context, biofeedback refers to the process by which you learn to change your brain waves and thereby gain better control over your brain states.

2. What can Neurofeedback help?

Neurofeedback is training in self-regulation. Good self-regulation is necessary for optimal brain function. Self-regulation training enhances the function of the central nervous system and thereby improves mental performance, emotional control and physiological stability.

With Neurofeedback we target bioelectrical functioning of the brain, which is actually a more important issue than the “chemical imbalance” that is often talked about. We are concerned with the brain’s internal regulatory networks, and we train the brain’s functional disregulation. Simply by detecting the brain going off track through the EEG, we can train the brain toward enhanced stability and improved functioning.

In other respects, Neurofeedback is somewhat like putting the brain on a stair stepper to exercise certain regulatory functions continuously. This is applicable to a wide variety of functional deficits.

3. Does Neurofeedback cure symptoms or conditions?

In the case of organic brain disorders, it is a matter of getting the brain to function better rather than curing the condition. When it comes to problems of disregulation, we would say that there is not a disease to be cured, and self-regulation may very well be a complete remedy.

4. Who can benefit from Neurofeedback?

Individuals of any age can benefit from EEG training. Neurofeedback can help a variety of childhood problems including bedwetting, nightmares, attention deficits and other forms of disruptive and disturbing behaviors. Neurofeedback can assist adolescents who struggle with anxiety and depression or drug and alcohol use. For adults, Neurofeedback can alleviate symptoms of physical and emotional problems such as migraines or PTSD. Neurofeedback can help anyone maintain good brain function as they age. Peak performers also use EEG training to enhance their abilities in sports, business and the arts.

5. How is Neurofeedback done?

Sensors are attached to the scalp with EEG paste which then pick up brain waves. It is painless and does not involve the application of any voltage or current to the brain, so it is entirely non-invasive.

A computer processes the brain waves and extracts certain information from them. We show you the ebb and flow of your brain waves, and the specific information we obtain from them, in the form of a video game. We instruct you how to play the video game using only your brain waves. (Everyone can do it.) The specific brain wave frequencies we reward and the sensor locations on the scalp are unique to each individual.

6. If Neurofeedback can do so much, why haven’t I heard about it before?

Neurofeedback is not yet taught in most medical schools or psychology graduate programs. Many professionals are therefore unaware of the power of this technique. These procedures require:

  1. Extensive post-doctoral training
  2. Expensive sophisticated equipment that only became available for office practice in the early 1990’s

Learn more about the benefits of biofeedback/neurofeedback training.